Roma Fundamental Rights in Europe

In June 2011 the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) published the annual report “Fundamental rights: challenges and achievements in 2010”, with a special section focused on the Roma. Promising initiatives are identified and last year’s achievements are being analyzed considering several key development areas: free movement and movement control policies, housing conditions, employment, education and health. For the health area, the report presents an outlook of the research being done in 2010 under the framework of the EU Public Health Programme, and in particular the “Health and the Roma community – Analysis of the sit­uation in Europe”, initiated by Fundacion Segretariado Gitano in seven member states. Research carried out in Romania and Ireland on Roma and Travellers health situation and services access indicates the persistence of racist stereotypes and discrimination in access to health services, which is an alarming situation. FRA proposes some suggestions regarding the full implementation of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, for Roma too, such as the full application of the Racial Equality Directive and the Free Movement Directive, strengthening multilevel governance and cooperation between national, European, international players, involving Roma communities representatives as well. Last but not least, the report underlines the need to systematically conduct research on all key issues of Roma inclusion. Data should be ethnically disaggregated, authors underline, in order to support positive inclusion policies and their evaluation, while complying with the regulations of the EU Data Protection Directive.