Bologna is the capital of the Emilia-Romagna Region in the Northern part of Italy, ranked one of the most developed cities in Italy thanks to its strong industrial tradition, wide range of highly developed social services and strategic location in the heart of the country, mid way between Milan and Florence and at the crossing point of the most important highways and railways in the country.  It is also home of the oldest university in the world, founded in 1089.

Bologna has about 400.000 citizens with a steady growing of foreigners residents (43.664 in 2008) representing more than the 10% of the total of the residents. The most significant immigrant group comes from other European nations most notably Albania and Romania 2.82%, East Asia 1.5% (mostly Filipin) and South Asia 1.39% (Bangladeshi).

There is a wide presence of Associations to testify the strong and effective active participation of citizens (1400 associations; 400 of them are related to social and health issues). They are directly and/or indirectly supported by the Municipality and represent a relevant resource for social policies).

The social economy and  social cooperatives are of great importance and represent a great asset for social services delivering in the city

The Municipality of Bologna has strong and long experience in the delivery of social services as well as wide experience in the participation in European projects and participates as co-ordinator or partner in many European projects.

The commitment of Bologna in international activities is also confirmed by its participation in the steering committees of international networks such as EUROCITIES, European Forum for Urban Security, ECCAR-European Coalition of Cities against Racism, CLIP-Cities for Local Integration Policies, European Digital Cities, Global Cities Dialogue, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, Creative Cities Network, International Association of Educating Cities.

The Municipality is also a member of the Healthy Cities Project of the World Health Organisation since 1991.Bologna was nominated by WHO as a “Project City”, one of seven Italian cities called on to test out new project methodologies; it has been also the national co-ordinator of the Italian Healthy Cities Network for many years.

SRAP starts from the experience of the Municipality and its local partners in the management of the Sinti settlements in Bologna and their commitment to their inclusion. The project therefore benefits from the long relationship among the Sinti communities, the Municipality and the local associations.

The main goal of the local development of SRAP is to better sensibilize the health services and workers about the health status of Sinti people and to improve the cooperation between the Municipality and the local public and private organisations working in the fields of health and social inclusion.